Racism: trends and patterns in discrimination (2000)
In different forms racism is to be found in every society on earth. It is associated with certain forms of entrenched poverty and certain kinds of extreme violence. It is a denial of human relationship. Yet for many people it remains almost invisible, unnoticed except when violence is involved. Those who do not experience it often fail to understand how profoundly offensive it is. As preparations were made for the United Nations World Conference on Racism and Xenophobia in 2001, this short report surveyed some of the main issues that preoccupy people who suffer from racism or who study its effects.
– any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.
Article 1, the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1965)